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Django ActivityPub bot

A Django ActivityPub bot server

This is a Django project for serving ActivityPub actors, designed for bot accounts.

The aim is to provide just enough features to provide an account that other people can follow, and to manage followers and sending out new posts.

I'm sharing this code as-is, only because it doesn't cost me anything other than the time to write this README!

I hope it's useful, and you're very welcome to use it as a starting-point to build your own project.

If you're looking for a more extensible Python ActivityPub implementation, bovine is worth looking at first.



You need Python 3.9 or later to run this.

Clone this repository (I cloned it into /srv/activitypub, so that's what these instructions will use), and install the requirements, with

pip install -r requirements.txt

It's a good idea to set up a virtual environment to do this in. I set up a virtual environment in /srv/activitypub/venv.

Make sure you activate the virtual environment after creating it!

Copy activitypub_bot/ to activitypub_bot/, and fill in the settings, following the instructions in that file.

Copy the files in systemd_services to /etc/systemd/system, and enable them:

Copy to and change it if you used different paths for the repository or the virtual environment.

Run python migrate to set up the database.

Enable the services:

systemctl enable activitypub_huey.service activitypub.service activitypub.socket

For each domain you want to run ActivityPub on, the server needs to handle requests to the URL /.well-known/webfinger and anything under /activitypub. (You can replace /activitypub with something else if you want).

Add the following rules to each nginx config that handles domains you want to run ActivityPub on:

``` server { # ... your existing config

location ~ /activitypub/static {
    rewrite ^/activitypub/static/(.*)$ /$1 break;
    root /srv/activitypub/public/static;
location ~ /activitypub {
    include proxy_params;
    proxy_pass http://unix:/run/activitypub.sock;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";
location = /.well-known/webfinger {
    include proxy_params;
    proxy_pass http://unix:/run/activitypub.sock;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";

} ```

Reload nginx's config:

systemctl reload nginx

It's useful to create superuser login details for the admin interface:

python createsuperuser

If everything is set up properly, https://{DOMAIN}/activitypub/admin will show you the Django admin login screen.


You can create an actor on the command-line with the create_actor management command:

python create_actor

You'll be asked to choose the domain it should exist on, and to give a username. You can optionally create an API access token.

You can write a post through the admin interface: click on Local actors, then on the actor you want to create the post, and then click the Create a note link at the bottom of the page.

Alternately, if you created an API access token, you can make a POST request to https://{DOMAIN}/activitypub/accounts/{USERNAME}/create_note. The request should have the header Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}, and a POST parameter content with the text of the post.

Inbox handlers

When an ActivityPub message is received, it's handled by a series of subclasses of bot.inbox.AbstractInboxHandler.

For an activity with Type: "ActivityType", the corresponding method handle_ActivityType(activity) on each inbox handler will be called.

Django apps can register a new inbox handler class with bot.inbox.register_inbox_handler(cls, spec). should_handle is either a callable of the form spec(actor, activity) which should return a boolean dictating whether the class should handle this activity received by this actor, or it should be a dictionary with keys username and domain specifying the usernames, domains, or both, whose inboxes this class should handle. If should_handle is not given, then the handler is called for every activity.

There is a built-in inbox handler, bot.inbox.InboxHandler, which manages Follow and Like activities.

You could define an inbox handler which sends you an email whenever a Mention activity is received.

Help with ActivityPub

The specs are good!

The ActivityPub protocol specification gives a description of how interactions work.

The Activity Streams Vocabulary